The Dancing Plague of 1518: Exploring History’s Strangest Epidemic

Can you believe it’s been four years since the onset of COVID? Honestly, it all feels like a surreal blur nowadays. But amid the strangeness, there’s a historical epidemic that outdoes even this—the “Dancing Plague.” Picture this: back in the summer of 1518, Strasbourg, France, saw a bizarre phenomenon where hundreds were seized by an uncontrollable urge to dance maniacally. It has since been called The Dancing Plague of 1518.

And no, it wasn’t just a fleeting dance; it lasted for roughly two months. While it might sound more amusing than being cooped up in your childhood bedroom for months, the reality was far from entertaining. So, let’s delve into the causes, consequences, and lingering mysteries of this peculiar plague.

The Outbreak Begins


Of course, we have to go back to the beginning. So, who was the first one “infected” with the Dancing Plague? The strange epidemic is said to have originated when a woman named Frau Troffea. She stepped into the streets of Strasbourg and, out of the blue, began dancing fervently. What began as a solitary act soon escalated into mass hysteria, as more and more people joined in the frenzied dancing.

You could compare it to a modern-day TikTok trend, where one person buys a Stanley cup, and the whole nation going crazy about it. Within days, the phenomenon had spread throughout the city, with scores of individuals succumbing to the irresistible urge to dance. Even though it sounds like a great vibe, there were even people who died from it. But more on that later on.

Mass Hysteria or Something More?

So, what was this epidemic all about? Was it really just mass hysteria, or was there a higher power involved? Historians and scholars have debated the true cause of the Dancing Plague for centuries. Some still believe that it was a classic case of mass hysteria. It could have been caused by psychological factors like stress, religious fervor, and social pressures to fit in. However, others have more esoteric explanations, including ergot poisoning from contaminated rye bread or supernatural influences such as demonic possession or curses.

Regardless of its origins, the Dancing Plague took a heavy toll on the afflicted individuals and the community at large. Many of the affected people suffered from exhaustion, dehydration, and physical injuries. They would dance until they would fall into a state of delirium. Some even danced until they collapsed from sheer exhaustion or died from heart attacks or strokes.


Attempts at Intervention

Authorities and medical professionals struggled to contain the epidemic and helped the suffering dancers. They tried everything to make it stop. From the construction of dance platforms to hiring musicians to play music in hopes of exhausting the dancers — but nothing worked. The epidemic persisted, leaving chaos and confusion.

As suddenly as it had begun, the Dancing Plague eventually stopped. However, it left behind a legacy of mystery and intrigue. While the exact cause remains unknown, it’s still serves as a strong reminder of the complexity of the human mind and the power of mass hysteria to shape collective behavior. But we may never know the whole truth.

Kanita is a wanderlust-fueled traveler with an inclination for unraveling the mysteries of history, the paranormal, and the bizarre world of medicine. As a true crime buff, Kanita's nights are often spent delving into the depths of chilling mysteries. Yet, it's not just the paranormal that captivates her—her background in medicine fuels a fascination with the weird and wonderful world of medical oddities, from twisted historical practices to the myths and legends that shroud the field. From exploring haunted locales to uncovering the strange and morbid tales of medical history, Kanita is your guide to the unconventional, the unexplained, and the downright eerie.

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